Nepal celebrates the adoption of its constitution on the 19th of September every year. It is known as Samvidhan Diwas. Nepal adopted this new constitution on 19th September 2015. Since then Nepal is celebrating this day with great joy and honor.
People all across Nepal celebrate this day with festivity. It is a national day in Nepal. The government of Nepal celebrates this holiday under the Ministry of Federal Affairs along with the General administration
History of Nepal’s Constitution/Samvidhan Diwas
Nepal celebrates its first-ever new constitution day on 19th September 2016. This day took place after one year of adopting the new constitution of Nepal. Currently, Nepal is governing under this constitution which came into effect on 20th September 2015 by removing the Interim Constitution of 2007.
Although the new constitution is the easiest and best constitution Nepal ever had. There were protests against this constitution after it came into effect. The protest was based on some imperfection of the constitution. Which were mostly because of Nepal’s new citizenship law and federal law.
Celebration of Constitution Day
Nepal’s constitution day is a festive day around the county. Many organizations arrange programs to celebrate this day. But the main program takes place in Kathmandu. It takes place at the Army Pavilion of the capital city.
This program’s main guest is the president of Nepal. Along with the president of Nepal, there also joins the prime minister, chairman of the national assembly, chief justice, and government officials of Nepal. Arm forces perform a parade along with students on the field on this occasion.
There also happen political meetings. Renowned leaders gave patriotic speeches. There is a display of Nepal’s national flag on big buildings. Buildings are also decorated with light and candles.
As this day is a holiday. Banks, educational institutes, and government offices remain closed. The large public gathering is often seen on this day. People celebrate this day with traditional songs and dancing to them. Many artistic performances can be seen on this occasion. Also, people arrange cultural programs to celebrate this day.
General people spend this day holidaying. Making a good meal and wearing good clothes are also common. Print media also publish features according to this day. Broadcasting media broadcast talk shows and special programs on this occasion.
Constitutional Development in Nepal
Nepal has a rich history of 68 years of developing its constitution. It has experienced 7 different constitutions till now.
Nepal’s earliest constitution was ‘The Nepal Government Act of 1948’. It was announced by prime minister Padma Shumsher on 26 January 1948. This act introduces Nepal with a limited democratic element. Although this experiment was not successful. It contained 1 schedule, 6 parts, and 48 articles.
In the year 1951, Nepal got familiar with The Nepal Interim Government Act 1951. Which came with 3 schedules, 7 parts, and 73 articles. This constitution strengthens the power of the king, follows the formation of the supreme court, and focuses on basic rights and socio-economic aims.
Following that act, Nepal adopted The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal Act in 1959. It established a bicameral parliament. It is contained with 3 schedules, 10 parts, and 77 articles. It was announced on 12 February 1959.
After this Nepal was introduced with The Constitution Of Nepal in 1962. This constitution eliminates political parties and introduced the panchayat system. I was declared on 16th December 1962. Which came with 6 schedules, 20 parts, and 97 articles. This constitution gave more power to the king than the previous one.
In the year 1990 Nepal established the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal act by annulling the Constitution of Nepal. It also lifted the elimination of political parties and ensured the fundamental rights of the people of Nepal. It was announced by King Birendra on 9th November 1990. This constitution is included 3 schedules, 23 parts, and 133 articles.
In the year 2007 under the democracy movement of Nepal, Nepal passed the Nepal Interim Constitution. It was announced on 15 January 2007. Which contain 4 schedules, 25 parts, and 133 articles. This constitution focused on various issues of democratic rights such as citizenship, constituent assembly, fundamental rights, principle and policies of the state, public service commission, the attorney general, and many more.
After that on 19th September 2015, Nepal adopted the current constitution. Which is the Constitution of Nepal 2015. This constitution proclaimed the establishment of federalism in Nepal. It was promulgated on 22nd January 2015 and came to effect on 19th September 2015. This text consists of 9 schedules, 35 parts, and 308 articles. This constitution is acknowledged as the best constitution Nepal ever had.
Message from Country Chief on Constitution Day
Nepal’s Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli said about the constitution day that “We Nepalis were starving for this day for the past seven decades. The day when we were liberated from suppression is also an independence day and a day to celebrate our achievements.
For the people of Nepal on the occasion of Constitution Day, Prime Minister Oli expressed hope that the constitution will strengthen Nepal and transform it into a prosperous nation. He said the constitution imbibes present and future aims and aspirations of the people and it will help in fulfilling the goal of Prosperous Nepal, Happy Nepali.
Constitution Day Facebook Status/SMS and Wishes
Below are some Facebook status/SMS and wishes for you on the Constitution Day of Nepal.
We are Nepalese firstly and lastly. Best wishes to all of you on Constitution Day.
The constitution is not a mere lawyer’s document, it is a vehicle of life, and its spirit is always the spirit of the age. Happy constitution day 2021.
The constitution isn’t a symbol that requires empty celebrations. It requires adherence to constitutionalism. Best wishes for constitution day 2021.
Best wishes to the citizens of Nepal on constitution day. Nepal’s constitution is the heart and soul of our democratic system. Happy Sambidhan Diwas 2021.
The quality of the constitution lies in the desire of the general population to shield it. Happy constitution day to all Nepali citizens.
Let every teacher teach the student how to love this nation, and let every parent instill in his or her sons and daughters the beauty of our nation. Happy Constitution Day!
Justice, equality, fraternity. May our dream of a new tomorrow come true for us. Happy Constitution Day 2021.
The difference between what we do and what we are capable of doing would suffice to solve most of the world’s problems! Happy Constitution Day.
Federalism in mind, faith in words. Pride in our hearts and memories in our souls. Let’s salute the nation on Constitution Day 2021.
The Constitution just gives individuals the privilege to seek joy. You need to get it yourself.
Nepal is a country that was never colonized. It was also never ruled by any foreigners. It is something to be proud of. But apart from being always free and led by its own people its constitution was not being fair to the people of Nepal.
It almost took 7 decades to have a fair and liberated constitution. So, this day happens to be celebrated. Nepal is celebrating this day for 5 years by honoring the country and its constitution. This day is for every people of Nepal and their fundamental rights. Which should be assured by their country. It is a proud moment for Nepal that it is assuring it now with the constitution of Nepal.
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